With a vision to provide a unique identity to individuals and a platform to digitally authenticate the identity anywhere and at any given point of time, Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) was established in January 2009. The official website of UIDAI is www.uidai.gov.in and its data centre is headquartered at Industrial Model Township(MIT), Manesar. According to the data available, till date 1,257,514,195 Aadhaar has been generated and for 40,810,314,699 Aadhaar authentication has been done.
UIDAI is an agency set up by the Central Government of India to collect demographic and biometric data of the residents such as their photograph, fingerprints, and iris scans and storing them at a centralized place. UIDAI issues a 12 digit unique number called Aadhaar. It’s the world’s largest project for National Identification Number.
The original legislation of March 2016 for UIDAI is still pending in the Parliament. However, another money bill was introduced in the Parliament on 3rd March 2016 for the same. On March 11 2016, Aadhaar Act was passed in the Lok Sabha. On March 26th 2016, the act was notified as Gazette of India.
On September 23rd 2013, the Supreme Court of India under the interim order that an individual should not suffer if he does not have an Aadhaar. Since the Government of India does not hold any right to deny any service to residents of India, it is not a mandatory but a voluntary document. Wherein another interim issued on August 11th 2015 by Supreme Court ruled that Aadhaar or UIDAI should be used only for PDS, LPG and kerosene distribution but still made it clear that for availing any of these services, Aadhar card will not be mandatory.