To promote and offer exemplary government services to citizens, the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has brought one of the most reliable methods of identifying documents submitted by individuals. Under this, the information is collected after the biometric verification and demographic authentication of the individual and is stored under centralized system authorized by the UIDAI.
Aadhaar Card Features
Aadhar Card is a legal document which serves as a purpose for Proof of Identity (POI) and Proof of Address (POA) to the citizens residing in India. Aadhaar card has revolutionized the digital functioning of Indian system that offers online identification with no charges and thereby offering a high level of security authentication process.
Mentioned below are some of the features of Aadhaar Card:
- Uniqueness: The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) issues 12-digit identification number to the Indian resident which is unique to every individual. This unique number is achieved through the process of demographic and biometric information. These details are so unique that they cannot be de-duplicated and ultimately reduces any chances of fraud and misrepresentation. The uniqueness of the aadhar card is determined by de-duplication. Under this process, the resident’s demographic and biometric information is compared, collected during the enrolment process. This comparison is then verified with the records in the UIDAI database to verify if the resident is already in the database or not.
It should be noted that enrolment for aadhaar card can be only made for once. After the process of de-duplication, only one aadhaar is generated. The enrolment will get rejected if the resident enrols for more than once.
- Random Number: Aadhaar number is unique in its way and is devoid of any kind of intelligence. People are required to provide biometric and demographic information to enrol for aadhaar. The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) does not ask for information such as religion, income, health, geography, etc.
- Open Source Technologies: The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has adopted open source technology which restricts specific computer hardware, storage, OS, database vendor, or any specific vendor technologies to scale. This open source technologies are built using open source or open technologies to address the expandability neutrally and thereby allows in the same application with the presence of heterogeneous hardware.
- Portability: Aadhaar offers nationwide portability for Indian residents which can be authenticated anywhere online in India. As large number of residents migrates from one state to other or from one rural place to other, aadhar comes with convenient and easy portability.
- Scalable Technology Architecture: The architecture of UID is designed in such a way that it is open and scalable. The UIDAI stores resident’s data centrally and it can be authenticated online from anywhere in India. Aadhaar authentication is processed in such a way that it can handle 100 million authentications per day.