PF is the popular name for EPF or Employees’ Provident Fund. It is a government-established savings scheme for employees of the organised sector. The EPF interest rate is declared every year by the EPFO (Employees Provident Fund Organisation) which is a statutory body under the Employees’ Provident Fund Act, 1956. For the current financial year, the interest rate on the EPF account has been fixed at 8.50%. Only employees of companies registered under the EPF Act can invest in the EPF or PF. Both the employer and employee are required to contribute 12% of the employee’s basic salary and dearness allowance every month to the EPF account.
PPF or Public Provident Fund is a government-supported savings scheme. It is open to everyone – employed, self-employed, unemployed, or even retired. It is not mandatory and anyone can contribute any amount to the PPF subject to a minimum of Rs 500 and a maximum of Rs 1.5 lakh per year. It has a fixed return which is set by the government every quarter. You can open a PPF account with the post office or most major banks. The PPF interest rate is reviewed every quarter. The current PPF interest rate is 7.1%.