What is MSME?
MSME stands for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise (MSME), introduced by Government of India in agreement with Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act, 2006 are entities engaged in the production, manufacturing, processing or preservation of goods and commodities.
MSME sector is considered as the backbone of Indian economy that has contributed substantially in the socio-economic development of the nation. It generates employment opportunities and works in the development of backward and rural areas. As per the Government’s annual report 2018-19, there are presently 6,08,41,245 MSMEs in India. For your understanding let’s discuss some of the basics of MSME, including its classification, features, role and importance in socio-economic development of India.
New MSME Classification
The distinction between the manufacturing and services enterprises has been removed by making the investment amount and annual turnover similar for enterprises engaged in both the sectors.
|MSME – Merged Criteria: Investment and Annual Turnover|
|Sector/Enterprise Type||Micro Enterprise||Small Enterprise||Medium Enterprise|
|Manufacturing & Services Sector, Both||Investment less than Rs. 1 crore|
Turnover less than Rs. 5 crore
|Investment less than Rs. 10 crore|
Turnover up to Rs. 50 crore
|Investment less than Rs. 50 crore|
Turnover up to Rs. 250 crore
Key Takeaways of New MSME Definition introduced in ‘Aatm Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan‘ or Self-reliant India Scheme 2020 by Government of India.
- Collateral Free Loans to MSMEs
- MSME Loans worth of Rs. 3 lakh crore
- Moratorium period offered is 12 months
- Manufacturing and Service MSMEs shall be considered as same entities
- Repayment Tenure of 48 months
- 100% Credit Guarantee
- To benefit approx. 45 lakh units
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Previous MSME Classification
MSMEs are classified on the basis of investment proportion into two divisions as below:
|Manufacturing Sector||Service Sector|
|Enterprise Category||Investment in plant and machinery||Micro Enterprises||Investment shall not exceed Rs. 10 lakh|
|Micro Enterprises||Shall not exceed Rs. 25 lakh||Small Enterprises||More than Rs. 10 lakh, shall not exceed Rs. 2 crore|
|Medium Enterprises||More than Rs. 5 crore, shall not exceed Rs. 10 crore||Medium Enterprises||More than Rs. 2 crore, shall not exceed Rs. 5 crore|
Features of Ministry of MSME (MoMSME)
- Works for the welfare of artisans and workers
- Provides credit limit or funding support from banks
- Promotes entrepreneurship development and skill upgradation via specialized training centers
- Supports technology upgradation, infrastructural development and modernization
- Offers assistance for improved access to domestic and export markets
- Provides modern testing facilities and quality certification
- Supports packaging, product development and design intervention
Some of the entities that work under Ministry of MSME are as follows:
- A Scheme for Promotion of Innovation, Rural Industries and Entrepreneurship (ASPIRE)
- Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC)
- Mahatma Gandhi Institute for Rural Industrialization (MGIRI)
- National Institute for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (NIMSME)
- National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC)
- Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries (SFURTI)
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List of projects that have been identified by Ministry of MSME for promoting MSMEs in aspirational districts with number of projects:
- Prime Minister Employment Generation Program (PMEGP) – 178
- Micro & Small Enterprises Cluster Development (MSE-CDP) – 81
- EDP/MDP schemes – 46
- Entrepreneurial and Managerial Development of SMEs through Incubators – 13
- MSME Market Development Assistance (MDA) – 12
- Marketing Assistance & Technology Upgradation (MATU) – 10
- Revamped Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries (SFURTI) – 10
- Credit Guarantee Trust Fund for Micro & Small Enterprises (CGTMSE) – 7
- Credit Linked Capital Subsidy for Technology Upgradation – 6
- Financial Support to MSMEs in ZED Certification Scheme – 4
- Technology and Quality Upgradation Support to MSMEs – 4
- Lean Manufacturing Competitiveness for MSMEs – 3
- Design Clinic for Design Expertise to MSMEs – 1
- Assistance to Training Institutions (ATI) – 1
- A Scheme for Promoting Innovation, Rural Industry & Entrepreneurship (ASPIRE) -1
- Skill Upgradation & Mahila Coir Yojana (MCY) – 2
- Market Promotion & Development Scheme (MPDA) 1
- Performance and Credit Rating Scheme 1
- Marketing Support/Assistance to MSMEs (Bar Code)
- Others – 52
Role of MSMEs in Indian Economy
In 1961, with the merger of the Ministry of Small Scale Industries and the Ministry of Agro and Rural Industries; the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (M/o MSME) was formed.
MSMEs produces and manufactures a wide variety of products for domestic, as well as international markets. MSMEs help in the promotion of growth and development of Khadi, Village and Coir industries, in co-operation with concerned ministries, state governments and stakeholders.
Below mentioned data in tabular representation is as per Central Statistics Office (CSO) and Ministry of Statistics & Program Implementation.
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Contribution of MSMEs in Country’s Economy at Current Price
|Year||MSME Gross Value Added||Growth (%)||Total Gross Value Added||Share of MSME in GVA (%)||Total GDP||Share of|
GDP (in %)
Source: Central Statistics Office (CSO), Ministry of Statistics & Program Implementation
Under the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006, Government of India established The National Board for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (NBMSME) to examine the factors affecting promotion and development of MSME. This board also reviews the existing policies and suggests recommendations to the Government for the growth of the MSME sector.
Opportunities in MSMEs
The opportunities in the MSME industry are massive due to the succeeding factors:
- Export Promotion and potential for Indian products
- Funding – Finance & Subsidies
- Government’s Promotion and Support
- Growth in demand in the domestic market
- Less Capital required
- Manpower Training
- Project Profiles
- Raw Material and Machinery Procurement
- Tooling & Testing support and much more
Importance of MSME
MSME was launched in 2006 to become an integral part of the supply chain for products and services; moreover, a creator of large-scale employment opportunities in rural India. MSMEs contribute to approximately 8% of India’s GDP, employs over 60 million people, has an enormous share of 40% in the exports market and 45% in the manufacturing sector.
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Q. What is the Full Form of MSME?
Ans. The abbreviation of MSME stands for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise. The new definition of MSME was introduced in July 2020 in which the classification of MSMEs, earlier on behalf of Manufacturing and Services was combined as one that was named as Manufacturing Enterprises and Enterprises rendering Services. The minimum turnover of micro enterprise was revised, as not more than Rs. 1 crore investment in plant and machinery/equipment. Whereas, annual turnover was also revised for Medium enterprises up to Rs. 250 crore.
Q. What is the full form of SME?
Ans. SME stands for Small and Medium Enterprises loan is termed as SME.