Educational institutions have always helped millions of students to achieve new heights in their careers and lives. However, starting a school in India, majorly in metropolitan cities is an expensive affair. Opening a school requires good investment of time and money. Educational institutions such as schools come under Non-Profit Organizations and are registered under section 8 of the Companies Act 2013. Schools can also be opened under the Societies Act of 1860. The cost and expenditure depends on the location of school and which board is opted.
Requirements for opening a School in India
Deciding on the Type of School
School promoter can start a school of various types like play school, kindergarten, pre-primary, primary, secondary or higher secondary. If the school promoter wants to start a school till class 8th or higher, the person needs to get affiliation from the state board. Therefore, a secondary/senior secondary school affiliated by state board can apply for boards like Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination (CISCE), International Board (IB) or State Boards of 29 States in India.
Land required to start a school
Requirement of Land for CBSE Board
Minimum requirement of 1-acre land or 4000 sq. meter land is required to open a school from pre-primary to senior secondary in major metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai or Bengaluru. For schools up to secondary standard which is class 10 need to have half acre of land or 2000 sq. meters of land. Entities that want to open school from pre-primary to class 12 in major cities with population more than 15 lakh will require land of at least 1 acre. For schools required to be open in smaller cities based on CBSE require 1.5 acre of land.
Requirement of Land: CISCE Board
Minimum and necessary requirement of land is at least 2000 sq. meters with each classroom to be not less than 400 sq. feet in size, for a school affiliated to CISCE board. Minimum class size should be of 400 sq. feet with a playground, computer and science labs, library, art room, amphitheater, stage, etc.
To open any type of school, respective entity is required to purchase land from DDA or MCD in case of Delhi and from the respective development authority of states of India.
Affiliation to Board
Min. 1 year of operations required to apply for CISCE and CBSE board
Setting up of School Structure
Appointment of Head Master, Teacher, Principal, Vice Principal, Associate Teachers, Assistant Teachers, Accounts Department, Lab Assistants, Computer Professionals, Peons, Supportive staff, Drivers, etc.
Must Read: How to write a Business Plan?
Additional requirements for opening a school
Admission: Admission form, medical form, application form, fee structure, school brochure
Stationary: School letterhead, office stationery, and arts and craft stationery
Staff selection: As per school requirements
Advertisement: Newspaper ads, leaflets, hoardings, photographs, etc.
Uniform: Winter and summer uniforms for students, dress code for teaching staff, non-teaching staff, ancillary staff
Classroom requirements: White, black, green and interactive boards, tables and chairs for staff and teachers, CCTVs and coffee and tea vending machines
Purchase: Books, Furniture and computer requirements, water coolers and purifiers, video and still cameras, internet and Wi-Fi connections, Identity cards, posters, paintings, school software, etc.
Transport: School transport for self and staff, medical vans, parking for vehicles
Construction: School buildings, teaching and non-teaching staff quarters, mess, canteen and boarding (if required)
School Policy: School name, mission and vision of school, almanac, teacher’s form, and school’s logo, website and calendar.
Plantation: plantation of evergreen trees, seasonal flowers, grass in all fields, fencing, indoor plants.
Documents required after school comes into existence
- Affidavit of land purchase
- MCD certificate of building fitness
- Certificate of Affiliation CBSE
- Certificate of MCD MCD
- Certificate of Recognition MCD/ DoE
- Letter of Sponsorship from DoE
- Certificate of Upgradation DoE
- Completion Certificate DDA
- Duly approved Scheme of Management DoE
- Essentiality Certificate DoE
- MCD/Development Authority of the Concerned State
- No Loan Certificate against FD issued by the bank
- Permitted Certificate Landlord
- Registration Certificate of Society – Societies Recognition Act, 1860
- Site Plan of the Building/Sanctioned Building Plan approved by MCD/DDA
- Water Testing Report from the water board
Once the school has started and is operational, still it requires a couple of years in getting licenses and permissions from concerned authorities. The Department of Education (DOE) issues Essentiality Certificate (EC) after considering the requirements of opening a school is certain area. The construction of school has to commence within 3 years of obtaining essentiality certificate from DOE. After checking the financial status of the society, confirming association of member, certifying the non-proprietary nature of the society, EC is issued.
If a promoter plans to start a school, he/she can easily opt for business loan from various financial institutions like banks ad NBFCs as initial investment required to open a school is at higher side and people does not wish to invest all their savings into it.
Startup Business Loans – Benefits, Eligibility, Types
Small Business Loans – Eligibility, Interest Rates & Top Providers
How to Start a Business?
16 Profitable Small Business Ideas From Home
Business Ideas for Women
Best Small Business Ideas for Men